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  1. T cell epitopes are polypeptide fragments presented to T cell receptors by MHC molecules encoded by human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes after antigen-presenting cell processing, which is the basis for the stud...

    Authors: Hongchao Cai, Yaning Feng, Peiwen Fan, Yuping Guo, Gulina Kuerban, Cheng Chang, Xuan Yao, Yanchun Peng and Ruozheng Wang

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:61

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  2. We evaluated several biological indicators based on inflammation and/or nutritional status, such as systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), early warning score (ANDC) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) i...

    Authors: Muge Bilge, Isil Kibar Akilli, Ekrem Bilal Karaayvaz, Aylia Yesilova and Kadriye Kart Yasar

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:60

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. Human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancers are increasingly reported globally, including in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, with the exception of cervical HPV infection, data from SSA on the epidemiology...

    Authors: Imran O. Morhason-Bello, Kathy Baisley, Miquel Angel Pavon, Isaac F. Adewole, Rasheed Bakare, Silvia de Sanjosé, Suzanna C. Francis and Deborah Watson-Jones

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:59

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. Cervical cancer is one of the most diagnosed and deadly cancers in women globally. Though vaccination is an effective way to reduce cervical cancer, people’s knowledge and acceptance of the vaccination remains...

    Authors: Nebiyu Dereje, Abigia Ashenafi, Anteneh Abera, Efrata Melaku, Kaleb Yirgashewa, Meron Yitna, Sarona Shewaye, Tsedenia Fasil and Yadel Yoseph

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:58

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. While the epidemiologic association between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is established, little is known about the pathological characteristics and outcome of DLB...

    Authors: Dao-guang Chen, Gang Chen, Chang Wang, Long-feng Ke, Hui Wu, Hong-ming He, Yu Yang and Yan-ping Chen

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:57

    Content type: Research Article

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  6. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the 6th most common malignant cancer type worldwide. Radiosensitivity has been shown to be significantly increased in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-p...

    Authors: Dan Long, Li Xu, Zeyi Deng, Dandan Guo, Yangchun Zhang, Zhaohui Liu and Chunlin Zhang

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:56

    Content type: Research Article

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  7. To compare updated prospective 5-year survival outcomes of cervical cancer patients living with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who initiated curative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in a...

    Authors: Emily MacDuffie, Memory Bvochora-Nsingo, Sebathu Chiyapo, Dawn Balang, Allison Chambers, Jessica M. George, Shawna Tuli, Lilie L. Lin, Nicola M. Zetola, Doreen Ramogola-Masire and Surbhi Grover

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:55

    Content type: Short Report

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  8. Authors: Donato Koyalta, Ralph-Sydney Mboumba Bouassa, Almoustapha Issiaka Maiga, Aliou Balde, Jules Bashi Bagendabanga, Almahdy Ag Alinity, David Veyer, Hélène Péré and Laurent Bélec

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:54

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:51

  9. This article provides an overview of diagnostic evaluation and ablation treatment assessment in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). Only studies, in the English language from January 2010 to January 202, evaluatin...

    Authors: Vincenza Granata, Roberta Grassi, Roberta Fusco, Andrea Belli, Carmen Cutolo, Silvia Pradella, Giulia Grazzini, Michelearcangelo La Porta, Maria Chiara Brunese, Federica De Muzio, Alessandro Ottaiano, Antonio Avallone, Francesco Izzo and Antonella Petrillo

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:53

    Content type: Review

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  10. High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) are responsible for cervical cancer (CC) which represents the second most prevalent gynecological cancer among Tunisian women. Preventive strategies against CC are based...

    Authors: Rahima Bel Haj Rhouma, Monia Ardhaoui, Emna El Fehri, Asma Marzougui, Thalja Laassili, Ikram Guizani, Med Samir Boubaker and Emna Ennaifer

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:52

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) anal infection is a major problem among men who have sex with men (MSM) living in sub-Saharan Africa. The prevalence of anal HR-HPV infection and associated risk factors...

    Authors: Donato Koyalta, Ralph-Sydney Mboumba Bouassa, Almoustapha Issiaka Maiga, Aliou Balde, Jules Bashi Bagendabanga, Almahdy Ag Alinity, David Veyer, Hélène Péré and Laurent Bélec

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:51

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:54

  12. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a herpesvirus associated with lymphoid and epithelial malignancies. Both B cells and epithelial cells are susceptible and permissive to EBV infection. However, considering that 90% ...

    Authors: Francisco Aguayo, Enrique Boccardo, Alejandro Corvalán, Gloria M. Calaf and Rancés Blanco

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:50

    Content type: Review

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  13. Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) infection may lead to the development of Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). To further elucidate the pathophysiology of this aggressive CD4+ T-cell malignancy, we have...

    Authors: Shahrzad Shadabi, Nargess Delrish, Mehdi Norouzi, Maryam Ehteshami, Fariba Habibian-Sezavar, Samira Pourrezaei, Mobina Madihi, Mohammadreza Ostadali, Foruhar Akhgar, Ali Shayeghpour, Cobra Razavi Pashabayg, Sepehr Aghajanian, Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani and Seyed-Mohammad Jazayeri

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:49

    Content type: Research Article

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  14. Circular RNA circRHOBTB3 has been characterized as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer, while its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unknown. This study was carried out to analyze the role of circRHOBT...

    Authors: Gang Hu, Shusen Zhai, Sheng Yu, Zhen Huang and Ran Gao

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:48

    Content type: Research Article

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  15. Despite extensive molecular epidemiological studies, the prevalence and characteristics of Mouse Mammary Tumor Virus-Like Virus (MMTV-LV) in Chinese women breast cancer are still unclear. Besides, the prevalen...

    Authors: Fa-liang Wang, Xiao-li Zhang, Ming Yang, Jun Lin, Yong-fang Yue, Ya-dan Li, Xian Wang, Qiang Shu and Hong-chuan Jin

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:47

    Content type: Research Article

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  16. Having a 30-year follow-up of a cohort of women tested for HPV is a unique opportunity to further study long-term risk of CIN3+. The study objective was to compare HPV status at baseline with the risk of CIN3+...

    Authors: Marit Østlyngen Riibe, Sveinung Wergeland Sørbye, Gunnar Skov Simonsen, Arnfinn Sundsfjord, Josef Ekgren and Jan Martin Maltau

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:46

    Content type: Research Article

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  17. In December 2019 an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 was first observed in Wuhan, China. The virus has spread rapidly throughout the world creating a pandemic scenario. Several risk ...

    Authors: Lorena Cardillo, Claudio de Martinis, Maurizio Viscardi, Claudia Esposito, Emanuela Sannino, Gabriella Lucibelli, Antonio Limone, Stefania Pellino, Rosa Anastasio, Roberta Pellicanò, Loredana Baldi, Giorgio Galiero and Giovanna Fusco

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:45

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. This study was conducted to evaluate the microbiological profile of bacterial isolates in febrile neutropenia in a pediatric oncology unit, thereby, reviewing the use of restricted antibiotics and need for agg...

    Authors: Vinson James, Anand Prakash, Kayur Mehta and Tarangini Durugappa

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:44

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection remains a major health threat in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). HPV self-sampling could help find and treat cervical cancer at an early stage. We aimed to evaluate the effective...

    Authors: Hanna Amanuel Tesfahunei, Michael Solomon Ghebreyesus, Dawit Getachew Assefa, Eden Dagnachew Zeleke, Joan Acam, Michele Joseph, Emnet Getachew, Violet Dismas Kajogoo, Delayehu Bekele and Tsegahun Manyazewal

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:43

    Content type: Review

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  20. Epigenetic mechanisms are hypothesized to contribute substantially to the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) to cervical cancer, although empirical data are limited.

    Authors: Claire Bosire, Adriana C. Vidal, Jennifer S. Smith, Dereje Jima, Zhiqing Huang, David Skaar, Fidel Valea, Rex Bentley, Margaret Gradison, Kimberly S. H. Yarnall, Anne Ford, Francine Overcash, Susan K. Murphy and Cathrine Hoyo

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:42

    Content type: Research Article

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  21. Recent studies have proposed that commensal bacteria might be involved in the development and progression of gastrointestinal disorders such as colorectal cancer (CRC). Therefore, in this study, the relative a...

    Authors: Aref Shariati, Shabnam Razavi, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad, Behnaz Jahanbin, Abolfazl Akbari, Samira Norzaee and Davood Darban-Sarokhalil

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:41

    Content type: Research Article

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  22. Falciparum and endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) are co-endemic in Africa, but the malaria experience in eBL patients is unknown. A lower prevalence of falciparum has been reported in eBL patients, but those results...

    Authors: Sally Peprah, Martin D. Ogwang, Patrick Kerchan, Steven J. Reynolds, Constance N. Tenge, Pamela A. Were, Robert T. Kuremu, Walter N. Wekesa, Nestory Masalu, Esther Kawira, Isaac Otim, Ismail D. Legason, Leona W. Ayers, Kishor Bhatia, James J. Goedert, Ruth M. Pfeiffer…

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:40

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. Radiomics is an emerging field and has a keen interest, especially in the oncology field. The process of a radiomics study consists of lesion segmentation, feature extraction, consistency analysis of features,...

    Authors: Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Maria Luisa Barretta, Carmine Picone, Antonio Avallone, Andrea Belli, Renato Patrone, Marilina Ferrante, Diletta Cozzi, Roberta Grassi, Roberto Grassi, Francesco Izzo and Antonella Petrillo

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:39

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. Patients with non-hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) represent a population of special interest during the current Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemics. NHLs are associated with disease- and treatment-related immu...

    Authors: Gianpaolo Marcacci, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Francesco Volzone, Umberto Falcone, Roberto Parrella, Daniela Donnarumma, Silvia D’Ovidio, Anna Annunziata, Giovanni Micallo, Giuseppe Portella, Annarosaria De Chiara, Rosaria De Filippi, Stefania Crisci and Antonio Pinto

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:38

    Content type: Short Report

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  25. The present study aimed to classify lymphoid neoplasms according to the latest World Health Organization (WHO) classification and outlining the distribution in Nigeria of different entities. Additionally, the ...

    Authors: Ijeoma C. Uzoma, Idowu A. Taiwo, Massimo Granai, Gioia Di Stefano, Ester Sorrentino, Sussana Mannucci, Muheez A. Durosinmi, Stefano Lazzi, Lorenzo Leoncini and Oluyemi Akinloye

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:36

    Content type: Research Article

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  26. Currently 12 human polyomaviruses (HPyVs) have been identified, 6 of which have been associated with human diseases, including cancer. The discovery of the Merkel cell polyomavirus and its role in the etiopath...

    Authors: Faisal Klufah, Ghalib Mobaraki, Dan Liu, Raed A. Alharbi, Anna Kordelia Kurz, Ernst Jan M. Speel, Véronique Winnepenninckx and Axel zur Hausen

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:35

    Content type: Review

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  27. Since December 2019, the global burden of the COVID-19 pandemic has increased rapidly and has impacted nearly every country in the world, affecting those who are elderly or with underlying comorbidities or imm...

    Authors: Giuseppe Pannone, Vito Carlo Alberto Caponio, Ilenia Sara De Stefano, Maria Antonietta Ramunno, Mario Meccariello, Alessio Agostinone, Maria Carmela Pedicillo, Giuseppe Troiano, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Tommaso Cassano, Maria Eleonora Bizzoca, Silvana Papagerakis, Franco Maria Buonaguro, Shailesh Advani and Lorenzo Lo Muzio

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:34

    Content type: Review

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  28. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and the resulting disease, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), have spread to millions of people globally, requiring the development of b...

    Authors: Ernesta Cavalcanti, Maria Antonietta Isgrò, Domenica Rea, Lucia Di Capua, Giusy Trillò, Luigi Russo, Gerardo Botti, Leonardo Miscio, Franco Maria Buonaguro and Attilio Antonio Montano Bianchi

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:32

    Content type: Research Article

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  29. Although cervical cancer is preventable, most women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) do not receive routine screening and few treatment options exist. Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are among the Ugandan female populati...

    Authors: Gertrude Namale, Yunia Mayanja, Onesmus Kamacooko, Daniel Bagiire, Agnes Ssali, Janet Seeley, Robert Newton and Anatoli Kamali

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:31

    Content type: Research Article

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  30. Cancer of the uterine cervix remains a main public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. About two-thirds of patients with cervical cancer were diagnosed at late stage with contributing factors of out-of-pocke...

    Authors: Mulugeta Wassie and Beletech Fentie

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:30

    Content type: Research Article

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  31. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection common among men and women of reproductive age worldwide. HPV viruses are associated with epithelial lesions and cancers. HPV infections have been...

    Authors: Maria Isaguliants, Stepan Krasnyak, Olga Smirnova, Vincenza Colonna, Oleg Apolikhin and Franco M. Buonaguro

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:29

    Content type: Review

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  32. Early diagnosis can significantly improve treatment outcomes for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Currently, the dosage of serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is widely used in the diagnosis of HCC, but this...

    Authors: Jian Zhou, Yue Zhu, Yi Li, Kun Liu, Fei He, Sihuan Xu, Xin Li, Li Li, Junfang Hu and Yan Liu

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:28

    Content type: Research Article

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  33. Despite successful combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), the risk of non-AIDS defining cancers (NADCs) remains higher for HIV-infected individuals than the general population. The reason for this increase is...

    Authors: Christina K. S. Muller, Julian Spagnuolo, Annette Audigé, Andrew Chancellor, Doris Russenberger, Alexandra U. Scherrer, Matthias Hoffmann, Roger Kouyos, Manuel Battegay, Gennaro De Libero and Roberto F. Speck

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:24

    Content type: Research Article

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  34. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Federica Zito Marino, Rosalaura Sabetta, Francesca Pagliuca, Matteo Brunelli, Gabriella Aquino, Sisto Perdonà, Gerardo Botti, Gaetano Facchini, Francesco Fiorentino, Giovanni Di Lauro, Marco De Sio, Ferdinando De Vita, Giorgio Toni, Rodolfo Borges Dos Reis, Luciano Neder and Renato Franco

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:23

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:22

  35. The high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection represents one of the main etiologic pathways of penile carcinogenesis in approximately 30–50 % of cases. Several techniques for the detection of HPV are curr...

    Authors: Federica Zito Marino, Rosalaura Sabetta, Francesca Pagliuca, Matteo Brunelli, Gabriella Aquino, Sisto Perdonà, Gerardo Botti, Gaetano Facchini, Francesco Fiorentino, Giovanni Di Lauro, Marco De Sio, Ferdinando De Vita, Giorgio Toni, Rodolfo Borges Dos Reis, Luciano Neder and Renato Franco

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:22

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:23

  36. To assess the prevalence and distribution of HPV genotypes among Chinese Han women, and to explore the risk of high-grade cervical lesions associated with individual hr-HPV genotypes.

    Authors: Chunlei Guo, Hui Du, Jerome L. Belinson, Chun Wang, Xia Huang, Xinfeng Qu and Ruifang Wu

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:21

    Content type: Research Article

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  37. HBV promotes cell survival by upregulating the expression of the cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 (cIAP2), however whether it is involved in HBV-induced sorafenib resistance in liver cancer remains un...

    Authors: Shouhua Zhang, Nuoya Li, Yanling Sheng, Wen Chen, Qiangliang Ma, Xin Yu, Jianping Lian, Junquan Zeng, Yipeng Yang and Jinlong Yan

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:20

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  38. Biloma, an encapsulated collection of bile outside the biliary tree, supported by a predominantly iatrogenic biliary fistula, and bile likeage are two of the most important surgical complications after liver r...

    Authors: Renato Patrone, Vincenza Granata, Andrea Belli, Raffaele Palaia, Vittorio Albino, Mauro Piccirillo, Roberta Fusco, Fabiana Tatangelo, Guglielmo Nasti, Antonio Avallone and Francesco Izzo

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:19

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. Chronic Infection of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one risk factor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Much effort has been made to research the process of HBV-associated HCC, but its molecular mechanisms of carci...

    Authors: Chang Liu, Qinghai Dai, Qian Ding, Min Wei and Xiaohong Kong

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:18

    Content type: Research Article

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  40. Due to the worldwide COVID-19 outbreak it is mandatory for health care workers to develop containment strategies. Recently published data showed, that cancer patients might have a higher risk for severe course...

    Authors: Dominic Kaddu-Mulindwa, Lorenz Thurner, Moritz Bewarder, Niels Murawski, Manfred Ahlgrimm, Thorsten Pfuhl, Barbara Gärtner, Sigrun Smola and Stephan Stilgenbauer

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:17

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  41. Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is a critical step in cervical carcinogenesis. We report on type-specific hrHPV persistence, clearance and incidence among screen-positive Rwand...

    Authors: Gad Murenzi, Patrick Tuyisenge, Faustin Kanyabwisha, Athanase Munyaneza, Benjamin Muhoza, Gallican Kubwimana, Anthere Murangwa, Leon Mutesa, Kathryn Anastos and Philip E. Castle

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:16

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  42. The identification of effective prognosis biomarkers for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is crucial to improve treatment and patient outcomes. In the present study, we have attempted to evaluate the correlation...

    Authors: Amina Gihbid, Raja Benzeid, Abdellah Faouzi, Jalal Nourlil, Nezha Tawfiq, Nadia Benchakroun, Amal Guensi, Karima Bendahhou, Abdellatif Benider, Naima El Benna, Imane Chaoui, Rachida Cadi, Mohammed El Mzibri and Meriem Khyatti

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:15

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  43. Anal cancer is rare in the general population in both genders in the US, but an increased incidence of anal cáncer (AC) has been reported among people living with HIV-1 infection (PLWH) and little is known amo...

    Authors: Yuanfan Ye, Greer A. Burkholder, Amrita Mukherjee, Daniel Chu, Anju Bansal, Staci L. Sudenga, Anna Junkins, Sameer Al Diffalha, Michael S. Saag and Sadeep Shrestha

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:14

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  44. Frequent mutations in the nuclear receptor binding SET domain protein 1 (NSD1) gene have been observed in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). NSD1 encodes a histone 3 lysine-36 methyltransferase. NSD1

    Authors: Steven F. Gameiro, Farhad Ghasemi, Peter Y. F. Zeng, Neil Mundi, Christopher J. Howlett, Paul Plantinga, John W. Barrett, Anthony C. Nichols and Joe S. Mymryk

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:13

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  45. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Shirley Chibonda, Ntokozo Ndlovu, Nomsa Tsikai, Lameck Munangaidzwa, Sandra Ndarukwa, Albert Nyamhunga and Tinashe Mazhindu

    Citation: Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:12

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Infectious Agents and Cancer 2021 16:1

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